2017. Vol. 5, no. 4. Balázs Danka
2017. Vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 801-810
Turkological Research Group of the Hungarian
Academy of Sciences and University of Szeged
Research objective and materials: The paper examines selected lists of terminologies which define certain features (common descent and political organisation) of ethnic identity in the Däftär-i Čingiz-nāmä. These words often occur in coordinate compounds in the text. Compounding is not very well researched in Turkic linguistics, nor was it being considered in earlier philological works on Turkic historical texts. The author defines the problem of identification of such compounds in the text, and offers a morpho-syntactic criterion which can be used as a tool for identification.
Novelty and results of the research: Based on the semantic relation between the compound’s components, the author distinguishes two types:
- Those compounds, the components of which have identical meaning: These were probably used for elaborate speech.
- Those compounds, the components of which do not have identical meaning: These arrived at a new, different concept from the components’ meaning.
Three such compounds have been identified, which more or less arrive at a similar concept to ethnos. Finally, the author compares the meaning of these compounds to that of Old Turkic bodun – ‘people’, and el – ‘realm’.
Keywords: compounding, historical semantics, ethnos, Chinggis-name
For citation: Danka B. The Terminology Denoting Political Organisation and Common Descent in the Däftär-i Čingiz-nāmä. Zolotoordynskoe obozrenie=Golden Horde Review. 2017. Vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 801–810. DOI: 10.22378/2313-6197.2017-5-4.801-810
- Bisetto A., Scalise S. The Classification of Compounds. 2005. Available at: http://www.morbocomp.sslmit.unibo.it/download/classification_of_compounds.pdf (last access: 15.04.2017)
- Clauson Sir G. An Etymological Dictionary of Pre-Thirteenth Century Turkish. Oxford, The Clarendon Press, 1972. 989 p.
- Ivanics M., Usmanov M.A. Das Buch der Dschingis-Legende (Däftär-i Čingiz-nāmä) Vol. I. Szeged, Department of Altaic Studies, University of Szeged, 2002. 324 p. (In German)
- Ivanics M. Hatalomgyakorlás a steppén – A Dzsingisz-náme nomád világa [Wielding Power on the Steppe – The Nomadic World of the Chinggis-name]. Budapest, MTA Bölcsészettudományi Kutatóközpont, Történettudományi Intézet, 2017. 336 p. (In Hungarian)
- Róna-Tas A. Hungarians and Europe in the Early Middle Ages. Budapest, Central European University Press, 1999. 566 p.
- Zimonyi I. Bodun und El im Frühmittelalter. Acta Orientalia Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae. 2003, No. 56/1, pp. 57–79. (In German)
About the author: Balázs Danka – PhD, Research Fellow, Turkological Research Group of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences and University of Szeged (Department of Altaic Studies, University of Szeged, 6726 Szeged, Hungary, Egyetem u. 2). E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Received July 13, 2017 Accepted for publication November 25, 2017
Published online December 29, 2017