2024, vol. 12, no. 1. Iudin N.I., Nuretdinova A.R.

2024, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 63-78

DOI: https://doi.org/10.22378/2313-6197.2024-12-1.63-78

EDN: https://elibrary.ru/JCUTGJ


N.I. Iudin 1, A.R. Nuretdinova 2
1 Azov Historical-Archaeological and Paleontological
Museum-Reserve named after A.A. Gorbenko
Azov, Russian Federation
2 Kazan (Volga Region) Federal University
Kazan, Russian Federation

Abstract: Research objectives: To study 14th century vessels with epigraphic and pseudo-epigraphic inscriptions.
Research materials: Ceramic vessels kept in the Archaeological Museum of Kazan Federal University.
Results and novelty of the research: In the 1960s, large-scale archaeological work was carried out on the archaeological sit of Tsarevskoye settlement by the Volga Archaeological Expedition led by G.A. Fedorov-Davydov. A group from Kazan State University (led by I.S. Weiner) also took part in the the expedition. As a result, a large layer of material sources was obtained within which, the most massive example of material was ceramics. To date, archeological objects discovered during the excavations of the Tsarevskoye settlement in 1961–1968 are in the funds of the Archaeological Museum of the Kazan (Volga Region) Federal University.
In addition to the artistic merits of the ceramics of the Golden Horde era, these items have a special scientific source-study significance since, being obtained as a result of field research, they are stratified and provided with an archaeological context. As part of the study, five stonepaste-based glazed vessels, one Central Asian stamped jug, and one die for the manufacture of stamped dishes were considered as the main research subjects. Vessels with epigraphic inscriptions meet analogies among the materials of the Lower Volga and Central Asian sites.
Thus, the article introduces new data obtained as a result of epigraphic, linguistic, and comparative analyses of the collection originating from the territory of the eastern suburb of Tsarevskoye settlement of the 14th century.

Keywords: epigraphy, stamped ceramics, stonepaste, glaze, Golden Horde, Tsarevskoye settlement, 14th century, Arabic, matrix

For citation: Iudin N.I., Nuretdinova A.R. Vessels with epigraphic and pseudo-epigra­phic inscriptions from the territory of the Tsarevskoye settlement. Zolotoordynskoe obozrenie=Golden Horde Review. 2024, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 63–78. DOI: 10.22378/2313-6197.2024-12-1.63-78 (In Russian)

Financial Support: The study was conducted with the financial support of the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (RFBR), grant No.20-09-00240 “Tsarevskoye Medieval City: research of materials from excavations of 1961–1968 from the collection of the Archaeological Museum of the Kazan Federal University and the Historical Museum.”


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Nikita I. Iudin – Scientific Researcher at the Historical Department, Azov Historical, Archaeological and Paleontological Museum-Reserve named after A.A. Gorbenko (38/40, Moskovskaya Str., Azov 346780, Russian Federation), postgraduate student of the Department of Medieval Archaeology, Institute of Archeology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, docto­ral student of the Tabriz Islamic Art University (Tabriz, Iran); ORCID: 0000-0001-6224-6880. E-mail: istoricus@mail.ru

Alsou R. Nuretdinova – Head of the Archaeological museum, Kazan (Volga Region) Federal University (18, Kremlyovskaya Str., Kazan 420008, Russian Federation); ORCID: 0000-0003-0109-6465. E-mail: alsu.nuretdinova@rambler.ru