2024, vol. 12, no. 1. Drobyshev Yu.I.

2024, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 28-38

DOI: https://doi.org/10.22378/2313-6197.2024-12-1.28-38

EDN: https://elibrary.ru/DVKUKQ

   A NEW OUTLOOK ON THE “HISTORY OF THE MONGOLS”
BY JOHN
DE PLANO CARPINI

Yu.I. Drobyshev
Institute of Oriental Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Moscow, Russian Federation
altanus@mail.ru

Abstract: Research objectives: This article analyzes a new edition of the book by the famous Franciscan ambassador to the Mongols, John de Plano Carpini (1182–1252), who made a long journey from Lyon to Central Mongolia in 1245–1247 where he witnessed the enthronement of the khagan, Guyuk (1246–1248). Following the results of his difficult and dangerous journey, he wrote a report “The History of the Mongols,” in which he described quite fully and accurately what he saw and heard.
Research results and scientific novelty: The work of Plano Carpini was published in Russian three times: in 1795, 1825 and 1911; the last translation, made by A.I. Malein, was then published more than once and gradually overgrown with comments. However, all these editions cannot be considered fully satisfying the requirements of publishing medieval sources. The new edition in question here meets the standards of modern science. It includes an introductory part, a critical text of the source, its new translation into Russian and detailed comments made by professional medievalist historians. In the comments, various aspects of the Central Asian civilization of the XIII century, with which the Franciscan mission had a chance to come into contact, are covered as fully as possible: material and spiritual culture of nomads, organization of their society, military affairs and many others. Despite the high level of preparation of this publication, some points in it do not exclude an alternative interpretation.

Keywords: Plano Carpini, “The History of the Mongols”, Mongol empire, nomadic culture

For citation: Drobyshev Yu.I. A New Outlook on the “History of the Mongols” by John de Plano Carpini. Zolotoordynskoe obozrenie=Golden Horde Review. 2024, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 28–38. DOI: 10.22378/2313-6197.2024-12-1.28-38 (In Russian)

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INFORMATION ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Yuliy I. Drobyshev – Cand. Sci. (History), Senior Research Fellow of the Department of Oriental History, Institute of Oriental Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences (12, Rozhdestvenka Str., Moscow, 107031, Russian Federation); ORCID: 0000-0002-9318-4560. E-mail: altanus@mail.ru